For more homeliness in every room: How to lay, remove, clean a carpet correctly – and what to look out for when you buy it.
If you decide on a carpet, you will get a soft floor covering with a pleasant running feeling. A carpet normally occupies a large area and therefore has a great influence on the atmosphere of a room. When choosing the carpet, you should consider which material it should be made of and which colour or pattern fits the décor. Before buying the carpet, it is also advisable to think about the height of the pile.
Buy carpet: These materials are available
Natural fibre floor coverings include carpets made of sisal, seaweed, jute, abaca, rushes, coconut fibre or paper. These floors are smooth woven, so they have no pile, and are fixed, for example, on a latex pad. In the case of textile carpeting, on the other hand, we distinguish out-of-hand fabrics made of natural wool, synthetic materials such as nylon, polyester or polypropylene, and products made of mixed fibres. In this case, the different materials are processed together to different proportions.
Woven, tufted, ready-made: manufacturing process for carpeting
Carpeting is not the same as carpeting, because there are also differences in production and processing. Thus, flooring siders made of pure wool are mostly woven. Here the pile is short and the denser the fabric, the more durable and durable the carpet is. In contrast to woven carpet, the carpet has a soft pile of upright fibres, the so-called high-flor.
When the diffed cantilevers are covered, the pile is incorporated directly into the subfabric. The pile can have sling shape or be shaved, i.e. the loops are cut open. But there is also carpet with a combination of both shapes. Tufted carpet is cheaper than woven and yet quite robust. The woven rips flooring is characterized by the fact that the pile is arranged in narrow ribs and reminds of cord. In the ready-made carpet, the pile fibres are welded or glued to the back. This carpet is inexpensive, but also thin and not particularly durable. In the needle felt technique, a fibre fleece is mechanically solidified by barbs, which makes the carpet particularly durable.
As far as the carpet back is concerned, there are different coatings. These range from latex to jute to a foam coating or plastic. All variants serve to ensure that the carpet adheres better to the substrate and at the same time has a balancing effect against small unevennesses.
Height of the pile decides on fluffiness on carpet
In the textile industry, Flor is an already ordered band of loose fibres. In the case of carpeting, the height of the pile determines how long the individual carpet fibres, which stand percright to the surface of the subfabric, are determined. A high flor feels fluffier than a lower one. For example, in a carpet floor with a pile height of less than 1.5 centimetres, one speaks of a short-flower carpet. A pile height between 1.5 and about 5 centimetres is called a high-flower carpet and a height of more than 5 centimetres is called the long-flower carpet.
As a general rule, the longer the carpet fibres are, the more unsuitable it becomes for use on stairs or in heavily stressed areas. In addition, the density of the pile plays another role. The denser the carpet pile, the more tread-elastic it feels.
Benefits of carpet
- soft running feeling
- wide variety of designs
- Footfall sound insulation only partially required
Disadvantages of carpet
- not easy to clean, therefore care-intensive
- House dust and mite infestation possible